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<b>John Murray and Sons</b>
"It's finally published," proclaimed Charles Darwin.
It's 1859 and Darwin has finished creating the very first edition of the 'Origin of Species.'
Luckily for you, you get to follow the path of a book and see where it ends up as well as who it falls in to the hands of!
Where do you want to travel to?
[[New York, United States]]
[[Ireland, United Kingdom]]
[[London, United Kingdom]]
[[Paris, France]]<b>Edward King Tenison</b>
Welcome to your first stop at Kilronan Castle in Ireland!
Kilronan Castle still stands today and was actually converted into a luxury hotel for visitors and tourists. The hotel hosts a wide range of events and activities, from weddings and conferences to extravagant Christmas festivities.
This particular book belonged to Edward King Tenison, who was High Sheriff for Leitrim in 1845 before becoming a photographer in the 1850s. Tenison marked his copy with his name in an armorial bookplate on the front pastedown, making it unique from all other first edition copies. As a photographer in the later part of his life, Tenison shot the majority of his photos in locations throughout France.
But, our journey has only begun! Our next stop is to [[New York]]!
Welcome to Zurich, Switzerland!
Here at the Federal Polytechnic Institute, students from all over the world have come to study fields like architecture, civil engineering, mechanical engineering, chemistry, forestry, mathematics, natural sciences, literature, and social and political sciences.
The Federal Polytechnic Institute was founded in 1855, just four years before Darwin published The Origin of Species! As you tour the school, you hear that the university’s first professor of botany, Oswald Heer, was lucky enough to receive a first edition of Darwin’s new book. You hear a lot about Heer, too: how he lectures on special, economic and pharmaceutical botany, how he leads students on excursions to study plants, how he possesses a large collection of insects and prehistoric plants which has just become the original founding stock of the botanical collection of the ETH.
Considering all you have heard about Oswald Heer, you expect him to be intimidating. But when you finally track down Professor Heer, he turns out to be kind and affable. He recites poems he has written about plants he saw on his last excursion, set to the melodies of what you can only assume are student songs. He even shows you his edition of The Origin of Species. There is a dedication from none other than Darwin himself.
When Oswald Heer passes away, he leaft his first edition of The Origin of Species to his daughter [[Alwin Stockar-Heer]].
Welcome to Australia!
Australia is located to the southeast of Asia and is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Officially called the Commonwealth of Australia, it consists of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and several smaller islands. Only indigenous Australians inhabited the area until Great Britain established settlements in the year 1770. Australia is home to mountain ranges, tropical rainforests and dry deserts, as well as large metropolises like Sydney. With British settlement and European discovery, it's no wonder that the words of Darwin had travelled so far right after his publishing.
[[Charles Moore]] and [[William Woolls]] both were some of the intial hands that held these copies!
<b>London, United Kingdom</b>
London, the headquarters of [[John Murray and Sons]], is some of the first homes to a plethora of the 'Origin of Species' first edition copies!
Located in the southeastern part of Great Britain, London, England sits on the banks of the Thames River. The Romans first settled the area in 43 AD, calling it Londinium. Since then, it has become a center for commerce, fashion, entertainment, media, finance, and the arts. Some of London’s landmarks include Big Ben, Buckingham Palace, Tower Bridge and the London Eye. The city has also been home to some of the greatest scientists, writers and thinkers in the world – Charles Darwin included!
These are just some of the few people who were first in getting their hands on the book just as it was published.
Is there anyone you'd like to meet or learn about?
[[Mrs.Ben+Ben Goetz]], Metro-Goldwyn Mayer producer
[[William Tegetmeier]], naturalist
[[P.W. Phillips]], clergyman
[[Richard Monckton Milnes]], politician
[[Sir Ganin de Beer]], evolutionary embryologist
[[Joseph Lemuel Chester]], genealogist
[[Julien Sorell Huxley]], friend of Darwin
[[Samuel Haughton]], critic
[[William Benjamin Carpenter]], registrar at the University of London<b>ASA GRAY</b>
Awesome Choice! Welcome to New York!
You are now with Asa Gray, one of the most influential renowned botanist in this century (19th century). Gray is a professor at the University of Michigan early on in his career and later became a professor at Harvard University. The University of Michigan assigned Gray the task of purchasing a suitable array of books to form the university's library, and equipment such as microscopes to aid research. Thus, Gray went to London where he met Charles Darwin himself at Kew Gardens. Asa Gray and Darwin became friends ever since. Darwin and Gray kept in touch with over 300 letters exchanged. Darwin requested information from Gray starting in 1855 in regards to American flowers which helped Darwin in his development of the Darwin’s Theory.
Asa Gray had received this book from a ship full of Darwin’s first edition that was sent to America. Because there was no international copyright at the time, Gray helped Darwin from publishing piracy by arranged the first American edition of On the Origin of Species and negotiate for Darwin’s royalties on his behalf. Darwin was so grateful that he offered Gray some of his royalties on top of his 5% that he is already receiving. In 1868, Gray visited Darwin in England which is the second encounter. Darwin later dedicated one of his book, The Different Forms of Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (1877), to Gray to show his appreciation.
Now, I'm passing this book down to [[Charles G. Loring]].
Welcome to Mexico City!
The year is 1982.
You are in a second-hand bookstore, browsing a wide selection of books from all over the world. The man standing next to you picks up an old book with tattered binding. To your amazement, he wants to buy it! He manages to bargain down the price from twenty to fifteen (Canadian) dollars, but even then it seems like he’s been ripped off.
You start to feel bad for him, but then you finally see the cover of the book - it’s Darwin’s Origins of Species! By the looks of it, this man has just bought a first edition, potentially worth thousands of dollars, for only fifteen dollars! The man catches you looking and introduces himself as Jorge Macías-Sámano.
He tells you to look him up if you ever visit [[Canada]], where he’ll be studying at Simon Fraser University. Welcome to Sydney, Australia!
To be more specific, welcome to Daniel Solander Lander’s library, the oldest botanical research library in Australia and also one of the many majestic buildings in the Royal Botanical Garden. This book, one of the many first edition, was given to Charles Moore by Charles Darwin himself!
Charles Moore a botanist and the Director of the Botanic Gardens of Sydney (1848 - 1896) assisted Darwin by corresponding with him regarding plants, their cultivation and adaptation in and to the Australian climate, weather etc. This book couldn’t have ended up in better hands of a more influential man who helped shaped Royal Botanical Garden to how it is today!
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>William Woolls</b>
Glad you stopped by in this beautiful city of Sydney, Australia! Here, you get the chance to be with William Woolls, a clergyman, schoolmaster, and botanist. It’s now 1860 in March and the weather is excellent!
Woolls has been a schoolmaster to plenty of colonist’s sons which is how he established his colonial pride. Woolls interest in his colonial surrounding led him to becoming a botanist. He will be well-known not for his large-scale systematic work rather his promotion of botany in Australia as well as his assistance to other scholars. His interest is probably what led his to this book as a research resource.
Glad you made it this far in your journey now let’s go to [[London, England]] where this book was sent to next. <b>Samuel Haughton</b>
You are in the presence of Samuel Haughton, a critic from University of Ireland and of Darwin's work in the sciences.
“Hmph, Darwin? Not a name I fancy.”
Haughton strongly opposes Darwin's separation of science from divine creation, as he is also an ordained priest aside from his teaching. But he must be in good standing with Darwin, as Darwin has given him a copy of his book!
“Hah! Good standing? I do respect the man as a fellow scientist and a bright individual indeed, yes. But he refuses to acknowledge the divine power behind the world as we know it… that Darwin!”
Haughton keeps his book at his home institution of [[Trinity College, University of Dublin]]. Let's head over there!
Welcome to the home of the Goetz family, specifically Mrs. Ben Goetz. Mr. Ben Goetz is an MGM producer working for the British branch amidst the Second World War, and is responsible for the importing of Kodachrome, color film, from the US to Great Britain.
“Despite the madness, MGM must provide light in a time of darkness. Kodachrome will continue to make people smile.”
Kodachrome supplies are low and costly due to wartime, but a photo of Ben Goetz himself on Kodachrome is currently being used as a tester of colored images to be produced. Mrs. Goetz is said to be an avid collector of books ranging in literature to the sciences aside from his production work.
“Actually, it’s my wife who most tends to our book collection. She certainly enjoys adding to it whenever I’m not at home!”
This book has been personally donated by the Goetz family to the [[University of California, Los Angeles]]!<b>William Tegetmeier</b>
While you may not have traveled far, this copy was personally given to William Tegetmeier by Charles Darwin himself. A good friend of Darwin, William Tegetmeier was an English naturalist, a founding member of the Savage Club, a popular writer and journalist of domestic science.
He published many books on home economics, poultry farming, pigeon-breeds, beekeeping, and livestock. Tegetmeier had a love for pigeons, and his knowledge interested Darwin as he would continually ask Tegetmeier for information. However, the most intriguing interest to Darwin was Tegetmeier’s research on the hexagonal cells from bees. His studies were extremely influential to Darwin and helped develop his ideas on evolution, as his experiments with the honeycomb cells were described in chapter 7 of the book you are currently following!
Off to our next stop, [[Sotheby’s London]]!<b>P.W. Phillips</b>
This book belongs to P.W. Phipps (1835) with the arms and motto of the Earls of Mulgrave, a family militia line.
“Hello there! Welcome to my family home in London, England. Please, take your time to look around the estate!”
Phipps is a cousin of the esteemed Mulgraves and is a clergyman, planning to graduate from Oxford. He has many hobbies, but reading and learning about biology and botany are among his favorite.
“Although I have yet to become an addition to the Mulgraves’ militia legacy, perhaps one day I will, when the time comes for it. I truly do enjoy botany, however, and spend a lot of time around the campus’ gardens and fields to take personal notes. Animals are, as well, another hobby of mine; it’s quite fascinating to observe them and what makes them different from us human beings.”
Phipps wrote books while overseas and wrote on Darwinism and natural selection, however these works did not survive, yet his diary contains theories echoing the notion of sexual selection, which Darwin also dedicates some of his work to. It is unclear where the book was until it landed in a private collection in Canada and later sold to John Windle Antiquarian Booksellers in [[San Francisco, California]].
<b>Richard Monckton Milnes</b>
Welcome to your first stop!
This copy was first owned by Richard Monckton Milnes, 1st Baron Houghton. He signed the front flyleaf of his book ‘Rd. M. Milnes.’
As an English politician, Milnes was elected for Parliament as a member of Pontefract as a Conservative. He was particularly involved in the question of copyright and the conditions of reformatory schools. In 1863, Lord Palmerston elevated Milnes’ status to Baron Houghton, of Great Houghton in the West Riding of the County of York. Besides politics, Richard was also a very influential English poet. He was well connected and helped poets such as Alfred Tennyson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Algernon Charles Swinburne become known.
Let's go meet [[Robert Crewe-Milnes]], 1st Marquess of Crewe and the only son of Richard Monckton Milnes.
<b>Sir Ganin de Beer</b>
This is the home of Sir Gavin de Beer, a British evolutionary embryologist, Kings College professor, and director of the Natural History Museum in London.
“Pleasure to meet you, I am always fond of the young and bright who share the same quest for knowledge as I!”
He has been recently knighted and awarded the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society for his work dedicated to embryology and general evolutionary theory, and considered Charles Darwin to be one of his motivations to further his work.
“Oh, you’re making me sound like royalty! It truly is an honor to be recognized for my work, however none of these achievements would have been possible if not for Darwin. In fact, his theory on natural selection helped me develop my own methods in embryology. If it weren’t for his wisdom, well, I certainly don’t think I would be of much importance, right? Ha!”
The book was later given to Sir Gavin de Beer’s home institution, Kings College London and contains an ink stamp of de Beer, and the bookplate and stamps of the [[Eastbourne Natural History, Scientific and Literary Society of East Sussex, London]], where it rests now.
<b>Joseph Lemuel Chester</b>
It’s now 1880.
The air is noticeably murkier - since the publication of The Origin of Species, London has industrialized even more. Maybe this is why the man walking toward you does not seem to be breathing so easily. When he gets closer, you realize he is holding two large bags.
“I don’t suppose you would mind helping me with these?” he asks, in an American accent.
You find yourself taking one of the bags, which feels like it has bowling balls in it. You wonder whether bowling balls exist yet.
The man apologizes for the bag’s weight. “All books from the library - research for my latest project. I’m afraid I can’t keep up this work much longer if writers don’t start making their books lighter. Sometimes I wonder why I don’t just write poetry, but there’s so much to be done in genealogy! Just recently I was tracing the Darwin family’s lineage. Quite fascinating stuff, with Charles being a bit of a celebrity. But an amenable man, too. He was so grateful for my work on his family that he wrote to me, ‘I have read it with the greatest interest, and am completely astonished at your success.’ He also sent me, if you can believe it, a first edition of his Origin of Species! Wrote my name in it and everything. Now truly, natural science is not my area of expertise - I’ve been a teacher, a clerk, an editor, even a genealogist - but I can’t say I’ve ever sketched a finch, let alone thought about its ‘origins.’ The origins of people are my area - rather, the people that came before them, and the relationships they shared.”
“Sort of like a phylogeny tree,” you say. “You have that in common with Darwin.”
“That would be an honor, for I greatly admire the man. Just last year I wrote him, ‘Permit me, as the present opportunity enables me to do so without impertinence, to assure you of my long and earnest sympathy with your invaluable labours.’ For while I could never write The Origin myself, it’s quite a masterpiece.”
“You never told me your name,” you say.
“Did I not? Joseph Lemuel Chester. But please, call me Joseph.”
Before you can say your own name, you are suddenly on a [[different street]]. You guess that it’s sometime later, but you can’t be sure.
<b>Julien Sorell Huxley</b>
Welcome to London, England!
You are now in the distinguished Huxley's family home with Sir Julian Sorell Huxley. The Huxley family have members that each excelled in science, medicine arts, and literature. Sir Julian Sorell Huxley in particular is a great friend and supporter of Charles Darwin’s evolutionary theory.
Julian Huxley is an evolutionary biologist, eugenicist, and internationalist who took on the role in leading the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization as the first director. Both share the same interest in evolution thus it is not surprising that this book is here. As a matter of fact, he won the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society in 1956 for his contribution to the study of theory in evolution. His grandfather, Sir Thomas Henry Huxley, also won the Darwin medal in 1894 for his researches in comparative anatomy, and especially for his intimate association with Mr. Darwin in relation to the "Origin of Species". This family’s history has cross the same paths as Darwin hence it is not a surprise that this book would be here.
I hope you had fun learning about us and why this book is here.
Now, I'll send you on your way to [[Peter Eaton]] !
<b>[[Click to begin]]</b>
<img src="http://tellmewhatilooklike.weebly.com/uploads/2/6/5/3/26531743/tdp-logo_orig.png" alt="The Dispersion of Darwin" />
My name is Peter Eaton and I am a book dealer here in London, England. I have started my own company in September 3, 1949. I enjoy spending my time collection and selling rare books. I acquired this book, “The Origin of Species” from the Huxley’s estate. I don’t consider the nature of my work as a profession rather I call it trading. I have been collecting books and storing it for trade. 80 percent of people who visit me are traders. I don’t like dealing with customers. I let my staff deal with them. Having collecting all these books, I could have been a scientist or professor however never got the opportunity to due to my lack in education. I instead enjoy my time trading.
Oh, look - a customer! We'll be selling this particular copy to the main library of [[University of California, Santa Barbara]].
Thanks for your visit and have a safe journey!
<b>University of California, Santa Barbara</b>
Welcome to Santa Barbara, California!
It is now the year 1968 and you are specifically in the University of California, Santa Barbara’s main library where this book is now shelved. We purchased this book from Peter Eaton, a book dealer in London whom you have met. We purchased this as part of 3000+ volume "Darwin and Evolution Collection" to add to our library. We hope this book will be useful here for our visitors and hopefully stay here for many years to come!
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!
Click [[hyperlinks]] to navigate and uncover more stories about Darwin's <i>Origin of Species</i>.
John Murray sparked one of the most influential publishing houses of its time. The business was founded in London during 1768 and continued its success by his sons, then suitably name the business: [[John Murray and Sons]]. Shall we pay them a visit?<b>Charles G. Loring</b>
You are now with Charles G. Loring whom the book was passed down to by Asa Gray. Loring is either father-in-law or brother of Asa Gray. He graduate Harvard College in 1812 fourth in his class. He was a prominent Boston lawyer and a Massachusetts State Senator in 1862. He was also a part of Harvard College Fellow from 1835 to 1857. In 1857, he became an actuary for Mass. Hospital Life Insurance Co., a position he held until his death.
I gave my wife, Jane Lathrop Loring Gray. She gave it to her sister, Susan Mary Loring Jackson, who then gave it to her husband, [[Patrick Tracy Jackson]]. So let's go visit him!<b>Patrick Tracy Jackson</b>
Welcome to Boston, Massachusetts.
It is now 1877 and Patrick was a frequent visitor to Grays estate when he was a boy. He is also a Harvard college graduate after he served in the Union as second lieutenant in the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment and captain of the 5th Massachusetts Cavalry Regiment. After graduating he worked in Hambden Mill and later he entered the dry goods commision business. Afterwards, he was a cotton buyer with his son.
Patrick then passes down the book to his daughter, [[Anna Jackson Stevenson]].It is now 1886 and the book is in the hands of Anna Jackson Stevenson, which was passed down to her from her father Patrick Tracy Jackson. She lived her life as a writer. She held onto the book until her father’s passing.
She passed this book onto [[Norman Taylor]] upon the passing of her father.We're back in Brooklyn, New York where Norman Taylor was given this book by [[Anna Jackson Stevenson]]. Norman Taylor worked at Brooklyn Botanical Garden as he was appointed Curator of Plants. He studied the plants on Long Island mapping locations of plant families. It is no wonder he collected this book and added it to his collection as it might be of help for his task.
He later donated his collection to the [[New York Botanical Garden Library]] where you will travel to next!
Hi there and welcome to the New York Botanical Garden library, your last stop! It must have been quite a journey seeing how tired you must be from reading all that information. The book is now here in the library donated by Norman Taylor along with the rest of his collection. According to the library’s site, this library’s collection represent century of commitment to botanical and environmental research! What a great place for this book to end up!
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today.<b>You've seen the stories behind the books!</b>
Feel free to go back to [[John Murray and Sons]] if you want to travel through and see where other books ended up.<b>Trinity College, University of Dublin</b>
We are now in Trinity College, where Samuel Haughton is a professor of Geology and Medicine. Although a prominent name in the Irish science and writing community, he is a devout Unitarian, avid in his worship and firm in his faith.
“Sure, I have it within the College just so I can keep it on hand, if ever necessary. I would much rather not have to look at it every night… much less, at all!”
After Haughton's possession, it was donated to the [[National Museum of Ireland]]!<b>National Museum of Ireland</b>
This copy contains Samuel Haughton’s name on the front page and has passages marked with a vertical line, but no written words, making it hard to relate the markings with Haughton himself or others. The book has been kept in an open source library, though it is unknown when the book came out of Haughton’s possession, until it's donation to the National Museum of Ireland.
“To be quite honest, we really have no clue as to how Haughton lost possession of the copy. Perhaps he wasn’t the fondest of it, given his religious background. But he did, for some reason, hang onto it long enough where it was given to a library. It got most of its use there by many children, or spent a good amount of time being researched by those interested in science. Either way, we are extremely lucky to have it with us now, despite it’s relatively poorer condition.”
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>University of California, Los Angeles</b>
The book is now residing in the Charles E. Young Research Library, where students are able to see the copy in the Special Collections department.
“The Goetz family has always held a special place in the UCLA community. As Film & Television and Entertainment are large industries around here and for many of our students, being gifted the Goetz collection was very heartfelt and appreciated by us. We have most of their collection, including the Origin of Species, on display in the Special Collections Library. They are very old, however, and the Origin along with others are in the process of being researched and restored further by faculty and graduate students.”
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>San Francisco, California</b>
“Welcome to John Windle’s! Only the rarest and most valuable books are found here… are you sure you’re ready to see the most exclusive works in the world? Here, we have the one and only first edition of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species-- you heard that right, the very first!”
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>Eastbourne Natural History, Scientific and Literary Society of East Sussex, London</b>
“Sir Gavin de Beer had always been extremely generous during his time here, and never failed to allow for students and peers alike to utilize his resources and work. He always left out his Origin of Species for those interested, later suggesting to have the book placed in the institution library so eager students ‘wouldn’t have to bang on his office door anymore.’ He is quite the humorous professor!”
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>London, England</b>
Hope you had a nice flight and welcome to London, England! This is where this book was first published. It has been quite a long while since this book has made it back to its home. Come, William P Watson, the owner of the book is waiting for you to tell you a little more.
"Hi there! My name is William P Watson and I am a botanical-book specialist of the London rare-book dealer that helped form the collection, Bernard Quaritch Ltd.. I love collecting rare books and selling them. As a botanist, I am highly interested in plants and nature itself, therefore this book, 'The Origin of Species,' couldn’t have been a better find for my collection."
I hope you've enjoyed your time in London, because it's time to head back to [[Australia!]]
Welcome back to Australia!
Oh how time flies when you're having fun. Can you believe it’s already 2009! Glad you took the time to visit the National Library of Australia, the largest reference library in this country! As stated on our website, “the Library’s role, as defined by the National Library of Australia Act 1960, is to ensure that documentary resources of national significance relating to Australia and the Australian people, as well as significant non-Australian library materials, are collected, preserved and made accessible either through the Library itself or through collaborative arrangements with other libraries and information providers.”
In this library collection, there are approximately 10 million items and this book is one of them. We purchased this book from William P Watson, the book dealer in London who you have met. We knew this book would be a great addition to our collection. Well, that's it! This is where the book will stay hopefully for many years to come!
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>New York</b>
I hope you enjoyed your journey across the ocean! In 1950, Abbie Bromley purchased this copy of Origins at an auction house in New York as a gift for her husband Alexander. While the first-edition volume is now worth over $170,000, Abbie became the new owner of the copy for only $100! By this time, Darwin’s book had sparked over a century of heated debate as well as a new way of scientific thinking. As a physician, Alexander Bromley had great respect for the book and it was an extremely meaningful gift to him.
Staying within the Bromley family, this copy was passed down to the Bromley’s son [[Michael Bromley]] for his 21st birthday.<b>Michael Bromley</b>
Even though he would later become an attorney in Colorado Springs, the Bromleys gave the book to Michael with the hopes that he would pursue a career in medicine. While the book clearly did not persuade young Michael to change career paths, Michael would later gift the book to an institution that appreciated its content and material.
The final resting place of our book is in Walla Walla, Washington at [[Whitman College]].<b>Whitman College</b>
In 2004, Michael Bromley donated his family’s treasured book to Whitman, the school that his son Christopher had graduated from in 1997. The Bromleys presented Origins at a ceremony with professors, administrators, librarians, and President Tom Cronin in Penrose Library on August 28th, 2004. Now, the book is safely kept in the Penrose Library, where students and faculty have easy access to conduct research.
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>Sotheby’s London</b>
Over a century later, we have finally arrived at our next stop. Unfortunately, the new owner of this copy is unknown. But, over time the book has changed hands and was sold in auction at Sotheby’s London for $11,154 in lot 33. While we don’t have any information about the new owner, we can take a few moments to look at the qualities of this special copy. Tegetmeier has a bookplate inside and there is also a personal letter from Darwin tucked inside. The letter was written on April 9th, 1859, and states:
I shall go next month to press with an abstract of my general views on the origin of species, & it will make a volume of about 500 pages, & I shall have much pleasure in sending you a copy when it is published.— I shall give abstract of conclusions at which I have arrived on Bees cells.—
Believe me with many thanks
Yours very sincerely
In 2006, [[London’s Natural Museum]] purchased Chris and Michele Kohler’s Darwin collection, including this book. So, let's head over there!<b>London’s Natural Museum</b>
The Kohler Darwin collection is the world’s largest collection of books by and about Charles Darwin. Chris and Michele are antiquarian booksellers who first began their collection with a few books about evolution, but after 20 years amassed a collection that occupied 4 rooms in their house before being purchased by the museum.
The collection includes the first edition of On the Origin of Species presentation copy, a rare copy of Zoology of the Voyage of HMS Beagle and 470 different editions of On the Origin of Species in 28 languages plus Braille. If you find yourself in London feel free to check out the Natural History Museum to view the collection in person! If not, you can view 330 of the collection’s titles for free through the Biodiversity Heritage Library, which was made possible due to collaboration with Cambridge University Library, the American Natural History Museum, and the Biodiversity Heritage Library to digitize these works.
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!
Welcome to Paris, France!
In 1859, Darwin presented this copy to French naturalist Henri Milne-Edwards, who was the professor of etymology at the Muséum d'histoire naturelle in Paris.
This copy is one of 23 rare presentation copies! Darwin highly respected Milne-Edwards, and in a letter to Jean Louis Armand de Quatrefabes de Bréu he wrote “How I should like to know whether Milne Edwards has read the copy which I sent him & whether he thinks I have made a pretty good case on our side of the question. There is no naturalist in the world for whose opinion, I have so profound a respect. Of course I am not so silly as to expect to change his opinion.” Darwin corresponded with Milne-Edwards about crustacean embryology and development while composing his monograph on Cirripedia. As a token of his appreciation, Darwin dedicated Living Cirripedia to Milne-Edwards. In addition to having a book dedicated to him, Milne-Edwards was inducted into the Royal Society in 1842 and received the Copley Medal in 1856 for his zoological investigations. Darwin would receive the Copley Medal himself later on in 1864.
In 1913, [[Charles Sillem]] became the new owner of this copy.<b>Charles Sillem</b>
Welcome back to London, England! In 1913, Charles Sillem became the new owner of this copy. Sillem is the co-author of The British Woodlice, which is a monograph of the terrestrial isopod Crustacea occurring in the British Islands. Sillem’s name is inscribed on the half title of the book alongside Henri Milne-Edwards name which rests above the title.
I hope you’re well rested after your journey to the states. Our journey takes us to Pasadena, California in the home of [[David Lupher]]. <b>David Lupher</b>
We're in Pasadena, California! This copy has been in his family since 1930, when his father R. Leondar Lupher received it as a gift from his first wife Anna Woodward. While it is unknown how she acquired the book, Woodward gifted the book to celebrate Lupher receiving his PhD in Geology from the California Institute of Technology.
While David Lupher appreciated having the book in his family, eventually it came time to let the book move on to a [[new owner]].On December 4, 2009, this copy of the Origin was sold in lot 175 of Christie’s auction for $170,500 in New York. The new owner is unknown, but we wish the best of luck to our copy and hope that it is safely kept and well taken care of.
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>Robert Crewe-Milnes</b>
Richard passed down his copy to his son, who held a strong political career while also sharing his father’s literary tastes. As a British Liberal politician, Crewe-Milnes held various positions throughout his career. From 1892 to 1895, Robert was the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
From 1908 to 1916, Crewe-Milnes was the Leader of the House of Lords and from 1905 to 1908 and 1915 to 1916 he was also the Lord President of the Council. With all of the positions that he held, it is surprising to note that Robert did not enjoy public speaking, and was actually known for his “pregnant pauses” and fastidious speech.
This copy continued down through the family line to [[Scotland]]!<b>Scotland</b>
The next owner was Mary Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe.
Mary was most famously known for resisting a six week campaign by her husband to evict her from their family home, Floors Castle. After divorcing her husband, Mary traveled back to London and stayed in Hyde Park Gardens. She was President of the National Union of Townswomen’s Guilds as well as a member of the Royal Society of Literature.
Mary was a popular entertainer, similar to her parents. She worked for many charities and was well versed on the politics and diplomacy of the day. When she passed away in 2014, Mary bequeathed her family’s library of over 7,500 books to [[Trinity College, Cambridge]], including this copy!<b>Trinity College, Cambridge</b>
Welcome to Trinity College!
As was mentioned in the previous stop, Mary Innes-Ker willed her copy to Trinity College after her passing. Both her father and grandfather attended Trinity College, so it was fitting that she sent her family’s library to the school that they had both studied at.
Trinity College is part of the University of Cambridge, and is home to 32 of the 91 Nobel Prize Winners won by members of the University of Cambridge. Notable alumni include six British prime ministers, physicists Sir Isaac Newton, Ernest Rutherford, Niels Bohr, and poet Lord Byron.
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>Alwin Stockar-Heer</b>
You may still be in Zurich, but the year is now 1903. Oswald Heer has since passed away, leaving his first edition of The Origin of Species to his daughter Alwin Stockar-Heer. Yet rather than keeping the book, Alwin donates it to the Botanical Museum at the Federal Polytechnical Institute, thus returning it to the very department her father taught in. During your visit to the Botanical Museum, you learn that it was created for the study of special botany.
You meet Oswald Heer’s successor as Chair of Special Botany, Carl Schröter.
He tells you all about plant paleontology, which is exactly what you imagine it to be: studying plant fossils. You can’t say this makes you want to become a botanist, but it’s the kind of lecture you know Darwin would love.
Let's travel in time to []!
Same place, different time: it is now 1948.
The Federal Polytechnical Institute was renamed in 1911, and is now called the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich).
Luckily, the ETH-Bibliotek is a great place to find out what you missed since you were here last. It turns out that Oswald Heer’s copy of Origin of Species has been relocated here, and its arrival has prompted librarians to create a new section specifically for old and rare books. Though they were previously mixed in with the normal holdings, old and rare books will now be held under special security conditions. This is only fitting for Darwin’s Origins of Species, which is almost 100 years old! For old times’ sake, the librarians allow you to examine the book.
It has undergone some changes since you saw it last: there is a mark, “Rar 01,” indicating that it belongs in the rare books section. There is also a library stamp, “BOTANISCHES MUSEUM,” and several notes you cannot read because they are written in Swiss German - still, they look like the work of librarians and not unruly students. You think Oswald Heer, and Darwin himself, would be proud of the book’s third and final home.
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>Canada</b>
Years later, you’ve finally made it to Canada!
Specifically, Simon Fraser University (SFU).
Jorge Macías-Sámano wasn’t lying about his studies: he has just finished a master’s degree in pest management, and is now working on a PhD in biology. Of course, when you finally get to Canada, Macías-Sámano decides that he wants to return to Mexico. You try not to take that personally. Jorge Macías-Sámano does not want to part with his first edition of The Origin of Species, but he can’t think of another way to earn enough money for his trip to Mexico. He puts the book up for sale for $7,000 Canadian dollars. Meanwhile, you sit in on an SFU biology class taught by Professor Mark Winston.
Professor Winston has just received news that the book is up for sale. “This is probably the most significant book ever written in the field of biology,” the professor says. “It provides the framework for all living things.” (You start to copy this into your notes, until you remember you are not actually taking the class.) Professor Winston thinks the book will make a great addition to the SFU library, and emails faculty members in hopes that they will donate money for the book’s purchase.
Milt McClaren, an education professor and associate member of the department of biological sciences, answers the call. He donates $7,000 to SFU for the book’s purchase, as well as $500 to restore the book so that it can be displayed in the special collections section of the library. You visit his office, curious about his motivations for donating. "I've been a faculty member at SFU for 30 years and I thought this would be a good thing to do," McClaren tells you. "Books are a big part of our lives, and this is an important book."
Finally, the book makes it to the library. You visit the special collections librarian Ralph Stanton, who is excited about the restoration work. “It's good for students and others to see the original works that underpin our civilization, and this is definitely one of them," he tells you. Before leaving for Mexico, Macías-Sámano gives you his thoughts on selling the book. "I'm kind of a romantic," he says. "I've studied at SFU for eight years and it's important to me that the book is in a place where I know it will be treated well and the public can enjoy it." You are glad the book has finally found a permanent home… and the $6985 profit isn’t too bad either!
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!
<b>William Benjamin Carpenter</b>
This copy brings you to William Benjamin Carpenter, no travel required - he is the registrar at the University of London. You find him there in the year 1860.
He is sitting in his office, looking over the April issue of the British and Foreign Medico-chirurgical Review. Carpenter’s review of The Origin of Species has been published in it, and he wants to make sure his writing has not been edited poorly.
“I wrote that I do not entirely accept the implications of what Charles calls ‘natural selection,’” Carpenter explains. “I find natural selection completely dismisses the evidence of design in Creation. I cannot accept it while also maintaining my belief in God. But Charles is so understanding. Just last week, he wrote a letter to me: ‘It is a great thing to have got a great physiologist on our side, I look at it as immaterial whether we go to quite the same length.’ That he can be so amenable when I question his core argument!”
Carpenter squints at his review. “But Charles’ book is most certainly a brilliant contribution to the debate. I hope my admiration of his work, not just my criticism of it, comes through in the review. I was apprehensive about my piece that the National Review published in January.” Carpenter has written these reviews based on the copy of Origin of Species Darwin sent him prior to the book’s official publication. Darwin sent such “prepublication” copies to other prominent friends, but he was especially eager to receive Carpenter’s early approval. As a respected figure in the scientific establishment, a Fellow of the Royal Society, a professor of physiology at the Royal Institution and of forensic medicine at University College, London, and a lecturer in physiology at the London Hospital, Carpenter has the power to help the book get a good critical reception.
Yet as you talk with Carpenter, it becomes clear that he and Darwin also share a personal connection. “I carried out microscopic examinations on Charles’ South American geological specimens,” Carpenter tells you. “That was… heavens, sixteen years ago! I remember Charles expressed great interest in my Principles of Comparative Physiology - I believe he marked up his copy quite a bit! I am scarcely better, I’m afraid.” He pulls out his copy of the Origin of Species and shows you pages of his own annotations.
Let's go to [[present-day London]]!<b>Present Day London</b>
You are still in London, but suddenly it is present day. Nearby are Big Ben, the House of Commons, and Westminster Abbey. A passerby tells you you are only about three miles from the University of London, but the passage of over 150 years makes it feel like a world away. You are amazed that even in a city so old, so much has changed since you were here last.
But what happened to Carpenter? You are pretty sure you know the answer, but you don’t have the remotest idea what happened to his copy of the Origin of Species. In the midst of London’s hustle and bustle, you almost overlook the small shop across the street, W.P. Watson Antiquarian Books. This seems like a good place to start. You enter the shop and see a man who introduces himself as the owner. When you ask if his holdings include a first edition of The Origin of Species, Watson points you to a familiar volume. After 157 years, Carpenter’s book has aged considerably. Still, you recognize it by the dedication Darwin wrote. There is another dedication you have not yet seen: “To my dear son / William Lant Carpenter / with his mother’s love / Aug. 15th. / 1864.” From this, you can deduce that Carpenter passed the book to his son in 1864.
“Maybe Carpenter gave up his copy of the Origin,” the owner says, as if reading your mind, “but he didn’t stop thinking about it. Some fifteen years later - 1881, I think it was - he published an essay on ‘Darwinism in England.’ All that time, and Carpenter still didn’t buy into natural selection. Still crazy about Darwin and The Origin of Species, but his beliefs - he was a Unitarian, you know - kept him from really accepting Darwin’s ideas. It’s a good thing they were friends, because that could have gotten ugly.”
This is the [[last stop]] and where the book currently resides today!<b>Herbert Granger Holder</b>
Before you can say your own name, you are suddenly on a different street. You guess that it’s sometime later, but you can’t be sure.
“Where am I?” you ask yourself.
“Holborn, of course,” says a voice behind you. You turn to find a man wearing a black coat and hat.
“That’s still London, right?”
“Still London!” he says. “I presume you have not read Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations. If you had, you would recognize these buildings.”
“I have read that, actually,” you say, wondering if you have accidentally been sent to a Dickens, rather than Darwin, admirer.
“I, too, have been accused of not reading the great books of our time,” he says. “No one expects it of an accountant! I suppose they also assume I’m a miser, when actually I’m on the Board of Guardians.”
“You mean like, guardian angels?”
“You mean to tell me you haven’t heard of the Guardians? We are a group of local taxpayers that administer services for the poor. But, I suppose that’s difficult to prove. At least I can attest to reading great books.” He pulls a book from his coat - a first edition of The Origin of Species. He opens the book and you can see Darwin’s dedication to Chester. The man has also signed the book - at least you assume he has, if his name is Herbert Granger Holder.
Let's head to [].<b>1921</b>
It’s now 1921. A war has happened since you were here last, but it is difficult to see its effects - you are in a completely different part of London. At least you know where you are: 34/35 Conduit Street, off New Bond Street. You are standing in front of Maggs Bros. Ltd. Rare Books and Manuscripts. You step inside and find that the shop is beautifully decorated.
“A replica of a monastic library,” an attendant explains, gesturing around the room. “Designed by the architect John A. Campbell.”
You ask for the shop’s catalog of books, hoping to track down Chester and Holder’s old edition. Sure enough, a first edition Origin of Species is listed, under the description: “Presentation copy with inscription on flyleaf- 'Colonel Chester I from I Charles Darwin.’”
“Do you know what happened to the person who owned this, Herbert Granger Holder?” you ask the attendant.
“The accountant, correct? I believe he passed away just last year. That book may have been acquired from his estate.”
It isn’t easy to parse through the store’s extensive collection, but eventually you find the book. You can’t help but wonder who its [[next owner]] will be.
You are definitely not in London anymore. At first you wonder if you have been transported to the English countryside - there is lush greenery everywhere you look. A roadside sign tells you that you are next to Route 22. You can see a train station ahead, as well as a post office and a bar. You watch a man in ragged clothes jump onto the back of a train as it pulls out of the station. There are a few hitchhikers standing next to you, but not that many cars drive by. You deduce that it is sometime during the Great Depression.
Sure enough, a 1930s style automobile comes up Route 22, slowing down as it nears you. A man calls out the window: “You don’t look like the other hitchhikers.”
You worry he’ll realize that’s because you’re from 80 years in the future, but he just says, “Get in.”
You comply, hoping this will lead you to Darwin’s first edition and not a ditch or the bottom of a lake.
“Can you believe the state of things these days?” the man asks. “Now, I came to Goldens Bridge just three years ago, but surely we never had anything like this in Greenwich.”
“Connecticut. Of course Greenwich was actually closer to the Exchange than Golden Bridges, but I supposed that here I could have more comfortable accomodations.”
“Why, the New York Stock Exchange, of course. I hold a seat there. Only natural for an investment broker like myself.”
You’re having trouble understanding this man’s interest in The Origin of Species, unless “natural” was a reference to “natural selection.”
“A Darwinian place, really, the stock exchange,” he says, as if reading your mind. “Survival of the fittest, eh? This was understandably my favorite of Darwin’s ideas, but to my great disappointment, the phrase wasn’t even included in the edition I acquired! ‘Survival of the fittest’ was only added in the later editions, apparently. Well, at least it’s an impressive volume for my collection.”
“You don’t happen to have the book, do you?”
“With me? No, it’s in [[my library]]. Say, where are you headed, anyhow?”
<b>Madison Avenue, New York City</b>
Before you can ask to see his library - a question you’re sure will not be taken well - you are in yet another place. At least you know where you are this time: Madison Avenue, New York City. It is freezing cold, so you walk into the building in front of you: Parke-Bernet Galleries. They are hosting an estate sale, or rather an auction, for a woman named Elizabeth King, who was Edward B. King’s widow. There is a pamphlet detailing all the items up for auction, with the date written on top: February 17, 1948. After scanning the pamphlet, you find a first edition of The Origin of Species, with the description: "Original cloth, uncut; inner hinges cracked, one outer hinge slightly torn, and spots on some leaves. Tipped in is a sheet preceding the half-title bearing the following autograph inscription in Darwin's hand 'Colonel Chester From Charles Darwin.' Name inscribed on front end-leaf."
You wish you had the funds to buy it, but you’ll just have to wait until someone else does. You wait as the [[auctioneer]] calls a litany of items.
“Now, a copy of Charles Darwin’s The Origin of Species!”<b>B & L Rootenberg Rare Books</b>
Yet before you can see who bids on the book, you are in a different place. It is warm and sunny and there are palm trees lining the streets. You see a billboard advertising the movie Clueless, which tells you it is sometime in 1995. You are standing in front of B & L Rootenberg Rare Books.
Inside, it isn’t hard to track down the book - by now, you’ve had some practice navigating bookstores! The book has certainly aged, but now contains the signatures of all the owners you met: Joseph Lemuel Chester, Herbert Granger Holder, and Edward B. King (so the man who gave you a ride was in fact Elizabeth King’s husband, Edward B. King).
As you are perusing the book, a man walks into the store. He asks the store’s owner about the very book you are holding. You reluctantly hand it over - you’ve followed this book a long way, after all! The man expresses interest in purchasing the book.
“And who are you, sir?” the owner asks.
“I'm just a scientist who collects and loves rare books,” the man says.
It seems this copy of Darwin’s Origin of Species has found its latest home, though you know it won’t be the last.
This is the [[last stop]] (for now) and where the book currently resides today!This is an example of clicking through hyperlinks to navigate through this written narrative game!
[[Click to begin]] to go back to the game.<b>Ireland</b>
Ireland is located to the west of Great Britain and is the third-largest island in Europe. Ireland is divided into two political entities: the Republic of Ireland (often shortened to “Ireland”) and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. The island is known for its low-lying mountains, lush vegetation and cool temperatures. One of Ireland’s most famous and populous cities is Dublin.
And a fellow named [[Edward King Tension]] also lives in Ireland -- let's pay him a visit, shall we?
Switzerland is a landlocked country, with Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is well known for its history of armed neutrality amidst major world conflicts.
The Swiss Alps cover 65% of Switzerland’s total surface area, making Switzerland one of the most alpine countries. Zürich and Geneva are its urban and economic centers. Within Zurich, a book lands in the hands of Professor [[Oswald Heer]]!Mexico City is located in the Valley of Mexico, in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico. The Aztec people first settled Mexico City in the year 1325, calling it Mexico-Tenochtitlan. According to legend, the Aztecs chose the site because the god Huitzilopochtli told them they should build their home wherever they found an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake in its beak (this is why the Mexican flag is decorated with this symbol).
Mexico City consists of 16 municipalities and is home to the Plaza de la Constitución (Zócalo), the Angel of Independence, and [[Jorge Macias-Samano]].